Signs & Symptoms for Sleep Disorders

Common Nighttime Complaints

• Frequent awakenings during the night
• Frequent urination during the night
• Irregular heartbeats during the night
• Overall restless sleep
• Difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep
• Waking up gasping for air
• Night time choking or coughing
• Morning headaches
• Excessive Movements/Leg Movements
• Nightmares and Night Terrors
• Sleep Walking
• Snoring

Common Daytime Complaints

• Always tired during the day
• Fall asleep during inappropriate times
• Irritability and short tempered
• Trouble concentrating
• Forgetfulness

Increased Risk Factors

• Male
• Obesity (BMI >30)
• Diagnosis of Hypertension
• Excessive use of Alcohol or sedatives
• Upper Airway or facial abnormalities
• Smoking
• Family history of OSA
• Large Neck circumference (>17” men; >16” for women)
• Endocrine and metabolic disorders

Common Co-Morbidities

• Obesity
• Hypertension
• Diabetes
• Anxiety
• Depression
• Acid Reflux
• Stroke
• Epilepsy
• Pulmonary Disease/ COPD
• Cardiovascular Disease / CHF
• Neuromuscular Disease

Snoring & Sleep Apnea

Almost everyone is likely to snore at one time or another. It has been found in all age groups. Estimates of snoring vary widely based on how it is defined. The rate of snoring in children is reported to be 10% to 12%. Habitual snoring has been found in about 24% of adult women and 40% of adult men. Both men and women are more likely to snore as they age. Men, however, become less likely to snore after the age of 70. Snoring is more common in people who are overweight. There is a greater amount of fat in the back of the throat that vibrates as they sleep. Nasal obstruction raises the risk of snoring. It has also been shown to increase during pregnancy. Snoring appears to run in families.